Teaching is one of those careers that has an immense impact on young, impressionable minds all over the world. Pedagogical approaches provide an excellent medium for instructors to start planning a course on teaching methods or for students to begin developing their own philosophies about teaching and learning.

Pedagogy involves a variety of strategies to prevent boredom, teach concepts, and reveal patterns to students in a thought-provoking manner.

Students can memorise a lot of stuff but they won’t retain it if you don’t teach them using the pedagogy approach. Teaching them to think critically, teaching them what is important for basic needs and how to present these findings convincingly will give them a leg up on their future employers.

Share with them the best practices in learning and teaching if you want to see them grow as professionals.

How do you Define Pedagogy?

It’s the continuous re-evaluation of your teaching and learning practices, keeping pace with new approaches and emerging technology, in order to help students thrive in a complex world.

Pedagogy relies on theories of experiential learning, critical thinking, discovery learning, information processing, behaviourism, structuralism, phenomenology, interactionism, constructivism, andragogy (applied to teaching adults), and collaboration ultimately aimed to help students gain a specific understanding or skill through the best practice for their own situation.

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What are Pedagogical Approaches in Teaching and their Examples?

The term “pedagogical approaches” is used in educational practice to refer to a set of concrete rules of behaviour for interaction with a student, whether at the stage of formation or education. There are many pedagogical approaches, some of which use only one method, and others that combine several.

Examples of pedagogical approaches are;

Active Learning

Active learning, also known as experiential education or meaningful learning is a student-centred pedagogical approach that promotes the development of critical thinking and leadership skills through experiential, hands-on instruction or project-based work.

Active learning encourages students to become active participants in their own process of academic growth. Active learning requires that the student be an active participant in the creation of meaning from their experiences.

Discovery Learning

Discovery learning is a method of teaching that focuses on knowledge construction and understanding as the prime goal of instruction, with the students driven by curiosity. In this model, students are presented with open-ended problems, questions or challenges which must be resolved before further steps can be taken.

Experiential Learning

Experiential learning is a teaching approach that involves a learner directly interacting with the environment to achieve their goals. This occurs through observation, practice, and reflection. The goal of experiential learning is to blend theory and reality together to develop the most useful knowledge and experience.

Problem-based Learning

Problem-based learning (PBL) is an educational method that promotes the active participation of students in the learning process.

It is intended to assist students in developing greater intellectual abilities, personal and team skills, creativity and research discipline since they are encouraged to learn more by working through complex problems related to real life.

In short, it enables the student to apply what is learned in a real-world context and build on previously acquired knowledge.

Service Learning

Service-learning is a teaching method that combines community service with traditional educational activities to provide learning opportunities for students, integrate them into the community, and give them a chance to make a difference in their local communities.

A key goal of service learning is to create opportunities for reflection and dialogue about moral and ethical choices. Examples include activities like Habitat for Humanity where volunteers build housing for low-income families while being taken on field trips by social workers to schools, health clinics, and soup kitchens to learn about the causes and effects of poverty.

Visible Learning

Visible Learning helps instructors to observe the impact of their actions in the classroom, allowing them to maximise their impact and truly affect their pupils.

When teachers view learning through the eyes of students and assist them in becoming their own instructors, this is called Visible Teaching and Learning.

Visible learning enables school administrators to boost overall performance by encouraging teachers to take on a more active role as evaluators of their own teachings.

Explicit Instructions

Explicit instruction is an approach to communication in which the teacher directly states, or explicitly tells, the information. The teacher can write out a set of instructions that the student will follow as he or she completes solving the math problem.

This type of instruction could be in the form of a graphic organiser. For instance, when teaching children how to subtract using pictorial models with sticks, coins, and paper, researchers found that providing a graphic structure caused students to pay more attention to what they were doing.

In this case, detailing the steps for solving would be useful during instruction. After the students use these steps a few times they should eventually internalise these steps and become able to perform

Co-operative Learning

Co-operative learning is a process in which students work together toward reaching group and individual goals within a classroom. In this format of education, students are given the opportunity to engage in various self-regulated activities where they learn from each other, as well as from the teacher.

All the groups or pairs are considered equal in this case and there are no leaders because leadership is shared among all participants. The teacher is present at every moment to offer assistance when needed.

Collaborative Team Teaching

The concept of collaborative team teaching is based upon the premise that there is strength in numbers. As such, several teachers collaborate to form a team that addresses students’ academic needs from a variety of perspectives and areas of expertise.

Technology integration

Technology Integration is a term used to describe a school-based effort to use technology in supportive ways that enhance learning. The goal of this approach is to develop integrative experiences that allow students to acquire skills and knowledge through the use of technology that can be applied in and out of the classroom.

Why is Pedagogy Important in Teaching?

Pedagogy is a really important part of teaching. A teacher who is not well-trained in pedagogy will not be able to effectively teach their students because they will have no idea how to plan their curriculum or organize their classroom.

They won’t know how to make sure everything that they are teaching makes sense to their students and that it leads up to something bigger. If a teacher can explain the classwork in terms that the students can understand, then the students are learning under a competent pedagogical framework.

What are Pedagogical Skills?

Pedagogical skills are the types of skills that teachers need to be able to do their job well. There is no one list of pedagogical skills, but in general, these skills are:

Alternating Your Tone of Voice

When you alternate your tone of voice, you force your audience to pay attention. Even more, It grabs their attention and highlights what’s important to them at the moment. Members of your audience will also remember what you’ve said more easily because of the variety.

Asking Students Questions to Find Out Their Prior Knowledge

Asking a question that is clearly understood by all students can quickly determine what level everyone is at and adjust teaching to meet every student’s needs.

Do you need to review a few terms?

Are the classes ready to move on?

Could they use more practice in the current concept?

Having a quick, specific question prepared before class starts will help you decide how much time you need to spend reviewing or introducing new material. Also, it gives you something to do when the class shows up late.

Rewards For Effort

Rewards for effort arise when someone is recognised for their efforts; or when a person is given an award, prize, gift, or other distinction for a job well done.

Rewards for effort are important because they help encourage students to work toward their goals. And when the teacher gives out rewards, it usually means that the student has demonstrated the ability to do the work and has earned something they can show off to others.

Changing up the Classroom Layout

When you want students to interact and engage with the topic, change up the room layout. This is a great activity for practising awareness, working with others, teamwork and leadership skills as tasks will be more difficult when students cannot see others or work in small groups.

The classroom is not just a box, it’s a space that can be used for different kinds of lessons. It can also be transformed into various places allowing students to immerse themselves in the lesson.

Setting High Expectations

Setting high expectations for students immediately helps to structure the classroom and creates a positive learning environment.


Teachers are held accountable for improving student outcomes. Their effectiveness is measured by how students fare on standardised tests, but this oversimplifies and underestimates the task of actually teaching young people.

It’s time to look at teaching as a skill that’s developed over time and cultivated with professional development. Packed with strategies for teachers new to the field, or those who have been teaching for years, Pedagogy helps educators take ownership of their work while making it all come together better than before.

Additional Information and FAQs

What is good pedagogy in teaching?
Good pedagogy is centred on the students. Good teaching practices take into account each students’ particular needs, learning styles and activities that challenge students to improve their skills.
Is pedagogy the same as teaching?
No, they are different. Pedagogy is the theoretical body of knowledge about how teaching occurs, as learned through research and other ways to find answers about it. Teaching is the actual putting into practice your expertise about how to teach.
What is online teaching pedagogy?
Online teaching pedagogy is the act of teaching online–using technology to support and enhance the face-to-face classroom experience. Online teaching pedagogy combines traditional face-to-face teaching methods with those unique to online instruction.

There are several approaches to delivering instruction online, including asynchronous delivery, and synchronous delivery. The latter requires two-way communication between student and instructor in real-time; the former does not require interaction from the instructor at the same moment as students’ participation.

What is 21st-century teaching pedagogy?
Education is evolving. Teachers in 21st-century classrooms focus on creative learning, integrated thinking, collaboration and solving real-world problems – critical skills for the digital age.
What is the opposite of pedagogy?
Andragogy. This is the art of helping adults learn. While pedagogy is how you help kids learn, andragogy identifies what adults need in order to learn new things and teaches them accordingly.
What is the difference between andragogy and pedagogy teaching?
Andragogy is the study and art of helping adults learn. Whereas pedagogy is the design and planning of educational endeavours, based on age-specific, didactically appropriate content that will lead learners to a desired knowledge base or skill set within a set time frame.
How do you teach creatively?
Creative learning is about sparking interest, nurturing curiosity and guiding discovery.

Tinkering, making, imagining and exploring are the sparks that ignite creativity—and fuel a child’s curiosity to learn. You start small, and you introduce kids to the power of idea generation. You put them in a safe environment to take risks – because smart failures make better problem solvers.

How is social pedagogy used in schools today?
Social pedagogues are involved in therapeutic, developmental or educational programmes that focus on the needs of children and young people. Social pedagogy is used to motivate people to learn, develop social skills and approach personal challenges.