What are the Principal Goals of Flipping?
In a typical high school or university classroom, traditional teaching and learning involve an instructor taking students through several forms of lesson material, and then having the students apply what they have learned in homework assignments.
‘Flipping the classroom’ is a pedagogical approach that reverses this order, by encouraging instructors to record lectures, homework assignments and other course content online and use class time for real-world application of these concepts.
Below are the main reasons why teachers or instructors flip their classroom.
To Make the Classroom an Active Learning Environment
Flipping the classroom is about facilitating student learning by increasing the ratio of class time to work outside the classroom. It is a very good way to engage students in active learning, and help them understand more deeply.
In your classroom, it means that you have moved away from a traditional lecture model to a more active model; instead of telling students what they need to know for an assignment, you have found that allowing them to explore on their own and find out information for themselves works better.
To Enable Students to Learn at Their Own Pace
In flipped classrooms, students watch pre-recorded lectures outside of class time with instructional videos and interactive activities where they can practice the concepts and skills learned in class.
Outside of lecture hours, individual and group work is emphasised to advance student thinking and skill development. Students are given more control over how they learn. They watch lectures when it’s convenient for them or as part of a schedule designed to fit their other responsibilities.
To Give the Instructor More Time to Teach Each Student Individually, Rather Than the Class as a Whole
The student and teacher must have the ability to communicate one-on-one.
Flip classrooms are best suited for courses where students have individually tailored learning paths. The same reason why you would want a tutor. Instructors have the time to teach one class at a time and can give that student all the attention they need.
This typically gives an instructor more time with each student and creates a more intimate learning experience.
What are the Four Pillars of Flipped Learning?
When people think of flipped learning they often focus on the technology, but to reap the rewards of this model of education, schools must focus on key strategies for flipping the classroom. Here are four pillars to building a strong base for flipped learning in classrooms.
The physical environment where the flipped learning takes place is also flexible. The classroom is not seen as a rigid place but as a space that can be used by teachers to guide their students in activities that promote learning in their flipped classes.
A flexible environment fosters students’ ownership of their own learning, and both teachers and students collaborate to quickly identify areas for instructional support.
Learning culture is an environment that emphasises the development of skills and knowledge, reflective practice, collaboration, questioning, ownership and autonomy within a safe space.
The flipped learning classroom sees students actively engaged in their own learning. It makes the teacher’s job much less about lecturing, and more about facilitating learning by helping students develop new skills, while also enabling them to apply what they already know.
Intentionally designed content is foundational to the flipped learning pedagogy. Using research-based instructional design principles, the instructor’s job is to ensure that students have the right content, in the right depth, at the ideal time for learning. Students should not be required to work through content before instructional activities build upon it and truly engage them.
The minimum requirements to be a flipped teacher are strong pedagogical knowledge, experience in working with students and the ability to communicate and coordinate with students outside of class. Simply stated, you have to be able to communicate very well with both teachers and students.
What is a Flipped Learning Environment?
A flipped learning environment is based on the principle that students are more likely to engage with course content if they are actively engaged with it. A flipped environment encourages students to take an active role in their own learning, by reading supplementary materials (textbooks, articles, videos, etc.) before coming to class. In-class time is used for the teacher to teach more effectively or simply to facilitate student-student interaction among peers.
Flipped Classroom Examples
There are many versions of flipped classrooms. Each reveals a unique and personal approach that is dependent on teachers’ interest, expertise and attitude to the subject. Take a look at these examples of flipped classrooms to explore a new way of teaching and learn about the core concepts of this educational methodology.
The Standard Inverted Classroom
The standard inverted, or flipped classroom, is a pedagogical technique for delivering lecture content. For this type of classroom model, students watch pre-recorded lectures at home before coming to class. In the classroom, students work on class activities facilitated by the teacher.
The Discussion-Oriented Flipped Classroom
Discussion-oriented flipped classroom refers to using a prerecorded video delivered via a mobile device as the instructional tool.
The instructor facilitates discussion that addresses Big Ideas and Higher Order Thinking Skills that are introduced through the video. Students watch videos outside of class on their own time and then discuss with their classmates during class time.
The Demonstration-Focused Flipped Classroom
A demonstration-focused flipped classroom is one where the teacher shows the students examples of good/bad form and technique as opposed to having the students read about it on a screen.
It enhances student learning by including students in the process of their own learning and development. Demonstration-focused flipped classrooms can be found across all content areas—science, language arts, math, social studies/history, economics, etc.
The Faux-Flipped Classroom
The Faux-Flipped Classroom is an instructional model in which the passive, traditional format of a classroom is inverted. In this model, students interact with interactive online content before class and during class, the lesson is driven by the instructor with students listening, engaged and asking questions.
Student talent gets to come out because they are contributing to the lecture and learning discussion instead of sitting in a class passively listening. This approach effectively has flipped the classroom…right side up!
The Group-Based Flipped Classroom
The group-based flipped classroom is a blended learning approach that involves students working collaboratively in small groups (usual groups of 4 to 6 students) on the class materials outside of the class time.
These materials may include readings, videos, PowerPoints, and other educational resources. The instructor may provide questions and allow students to discuss their ideas. Outside of class time, the groups may also complete assignments on designated topics in order to practice applying what they are learning outside of the classroom environment.
The Virtual Flipped Classroom
The Virtual Flipped Classroom is a fresh take on the traditional classroom experience. Instead of watching a teacher present live, then reviewing material on your own time, The Virtual Flipped Classroom brings the classroom to you. Students watch educational videos at home, then engage in interactive lessons with a virtual teacher during office hours.
Advantages of Flipped Learning
Time is one of the most valuable resources that we have. In the world of education, time wasted equals money lost. We all want to create better students and teachers, and flipped learning can be an extremely effective way to do just that.
Below are some advantages of flipped learning.
Flipping Allows Students to Learn at Their Own Pace
With Flipped Learning, students can learn at their own pace – they can rewind and pause the video, play it over and over until they understand it. They can ask questions as soon as they have any. And teachers can focus less on delivering a lesson in class and more on one-to-one tutoring or giving feedback on written work.
Flipped Learning is Customized, Active, and Engaging
Flexible, customisable, easy to use. Flipped learning is the cost-effective, student-centred approach that works with and at every level of the educational spectrum.
Flipped learning is used to make teachers’ lives easier. It’s said that teachers spend between two and six hours per week preparing for each one-hour class session, but with Flipped Learning, the time is cut down to just 15 minutes prepping for each hour of instruction.
Flipped Lecture Videos Help Student Review for Exams
Watching lecture videos on your own time helps students not only review the material but also gain a deeper understanding. Even if students hate the lecture, they’ll pull up the videos to review for exams. The videos become a constant resource for review, and even peer educators in the future – an investment that pays again and again.
Students in Flipped Classrooms Perform Better
Flipped classrooms are a great way to help your students retain and memorize information. By flipping your classroom, you can give your students more interaction with the material at home, while reducing the amount of time you have to spend lecturing in class.
It’s a learning method that has been shown to improve student comprehension and performance due to its less lecture-heavy approach. They’re ideally suited for courses that focus on practical skills like languages, MS Office and creative writing.
Flipped Content can be Richer Through Curation and Continuous Improvement
Flipped content can be of higher quality, greater value and more engaging as content creators have more time to deliberate on the best way to present concepts. – Flipped content can be constantly refreshed and improved: The flipped classroom model can be very adaptive. As innovations and updates occur in the subject matter, they can be taken into consideration and work can begin almost immediately to innovate the curriculum further.
Flipped Learning is the next generation in teaching. Flipping the classroom reveals which sequences of learning are not necessary, and which are critical to the success of a student.
Cognitive load theory suggests that too high of a workload can be detrimental to learning. This is why it is critical to start by gently introducing topics in class. Then, the student’s cognitive load can be reduced by using the Flipped Classroom Model. Students will likely be able to retain more information and achieve a higher degree of understanding.
Additional Information and FAQs
Do students learn more effectively with a flipped classroom method?
Students learn better when teachers select the right mix of instructional methods, technology tools and formative assessments. A new study suggests overall students learn better with a flipped classroom compared to a traditional one. The study also shows these students are more likely to participate in class and ask questions.
Is the flipped classroom model more effective than traditional education formats?
Flipped classrooms are gaining popularity and becoming a common teaching style. An educational philosophy that turns lectures on their head and uses the time normally for classroom lectures for self-directed learning, students learn at their own pace, spaces outside the classroom are afforded more opportunity to learn and teachers can help those who need more individual attention by putting the time saved from lectures to work.
Which is more effective: blended learning or the flipped classroom?
For years, educators have tried to answer that question. Proponents of blended methods say students miss face-to-face interaction in a classroom and tend to lose focus. In the flipped classroom, lectures are recorded or made available online and teachers use class time for more active teaching practices. Proponents say it’s more engaging for students and leads to better retention this way.
What is the Difference Between Flipped Classroom and Flipped Learning?
Flipped learning is a pedagogical approach where the teacher plays an instructional role, but not the entire role in the sense of delivering all lessons. Flipped learning allows for more student-teacher interaction time and helps students to LEARN HOW TO LEARN.
In the flipped classroom, students watch videos or live lessons at home that relate to the coursework of the class. During class time, teachers do more than lecture – they coach and encourage their students as they work through assignments.
How do you use Flipped Learning?
If you’re not already using it, it is highly recommended to give Flipped Learning a try. The idea is to remove the barriers to content access and instead use authentic assessment via an online/offline mix to ensure that students are not only accessing content but staying on top of their studies.
This way, if a student doesn’t access something within the digital format, they can still have an honest understanding of the material from the face-to-face or actual test format.